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Accounting For Payday Loans – Journal Entries For Payday Loan, Cash Advance & Interest Receivable With Provision For Bad Debts
Payday Loan is a type of cash advance offered to individuals or employees looking for emergency cash to finance short-term needs. It is a convenience way to raise cash as it comes with convenient terms like interest, repayment period etc.
Accounting Entries For PayDay Loan
When you advance a loan to customers, CR your bank account and DR payday loan receivable account with the amount disbursed as a loan. The interest income on the loan should also be accounted for, hence, DR payday loan receivable account and CRinterest income account with the interest portion of the loan.
On receipt of part or outright payment, DR your bank account and CR payday loan receivable account.
Accounting Entries For Foreign Exchange Transactions – Journals For Forex Purchases, Fluctuation, Gain or Loss, Hedge, Revaluation & Currency Sales
A foreign exchange transaction occurs when you pay a supplier or receive payment from a customer in a currency different from your home currency or a currency your financials are reported in. In such transaction, you need to factor in the prevailing exchange rate your reporting currency is, to the foreign currencies for seamless conversion to be easy.
When treating foreign exchange transactions in your book, you need to account for either gain or loss arising from forex conversions – which could be exchange rate gain/loss or unrealised profit/loss – while the exchange rate gain or loss report lets you track all income earned or loss incurred on business transactions, unrealized profit or loss arises when there is a change in the value of your foreign currency portfolio, which could be cash in hand or bank.
Let’s discuss the accounting entries for foreign exchange transactions.
Foreign Purchases Transactions
When you make payment for goods supplied or services rendered by a foreign supplier, CR your bank account and DR the inventory account or DR expenses account (for services) by multiplying the foreign currency value by the current exchange rate.
A mortgage-backed security is a term that became popular during the global market crash of 2008 that dragged big financial institutions like Lever brothers, and Fannie Mae under.
How do Mortgage-backed securities work?
Let’s paint a scenario to explain what this term means to a layman – Assuming you want to buy a house and would like a certain percentage of the cost to be financed by mortgage or home equity from ABC bank. ABC bank paid the money into your savings account after accepting the terms of payment – you agree to repay the loan (with interest) within a certain period.
To ABC bank, the mortgage loan portfolio (which comprises the principal and interest payment receivable over a set schedule) is an asset which will be treatment under “Loan & Advances” in the statement of financial position.
Accounting For Subscriptions Revenue – Learn Journal Entries For Membership, Software or Magazine or Digital Subscription Receivables & Receipts
Let’s say you run a subscription –based business where members or customers make an upfront payment into your account to enjoy a particular product or service for a specified period, you need to understand that it is different from a one-time sale of a product. In accounting, recognising the full amount paid as an income will definitely be an error as you can only recognise revenue for services rendered not from advanced payment.
Here are steps to treat subscription revenue using a scenario.
A newspaper company publishes a magazine on latest technology innovations disruption ideas. Members pay on a monthly, quarterly or yearly basis to get latest publications. If a long time subscriber decides to pay $1000 for 10-month issues, what are the relevant accounting entries in the books of account?
Accounting Entries For Loan Receivables & Payables – Learn How To Treat Loan Notes, Interest Payments, Provision, Write Off & Convertible Loan QuickBooks
A loan is a debt instrument provided by an entity to another entity known as the borrower at an agreed interest rate, evidenced by a promissory note which specifies the principal sum, interest rate charged by the lender and period of repayment.
In treating Loan disbursement in your books of account, there are two sided entries to note: from an issuer’s perspective and a receiver’s angle. When it’s the latter the loan is payable but on the former, you tag it receivable.
Accounting Treatment For Loan Receivables
When you issue a loan note to a borrower, it is treated as an asset, which, if receivable under a year, is a current asset. In your book, CR your bank account, and DR asset account – Note receivable – with the amount advanced to the borrower.
On receipt of an agreed interest from the Notes, you DR your bank account and CR the interest income account ( to the income statement)
Accounting Treatment For Insurance Premium – Learn The Journal Entries For Insurance Premium Income Paid In Advance, Payment, Claim Settlement & Brokerage Fees or Commission
As a business owner who is concerned about the risk of loss, insurance is designed to secure your business against future occurrences that might lead to loss of asset or properties due to an unforeseen event. Hence, you are expected to pay an agreed premium on a monthly or annual basis.
Since the amount calculated as a premium to cover the risk involved is paid to an insurance company prior to the prior covered, you will definitely be wrong if the full figure is expensed to a profit or loss account. In other words, that amount should be treated as prepayment which is a current asset.
Here are accounting entries for insurance premium paid, insurance claim, insurance compensation, insurance premium income and brokerage fees.
Insurance Premium Paid
DR the ‘Insurance Prepaid” account and CR “the bank account with the actual amount paid to the insurance company.
DR the “Insurance Expenses” account and CR “Insurance Prepaid” account with the amount written for the month.
The idea here is that the insurance premium is amortised for the period covered and expenses on a monthly basis till the value is written off to the profit or loss account.
Accounting Treatment For Debt Securities – Treasury Bills & Bond Investment – Journal Entries For Treasury Stock & Bond Purchases at Discount or Premium From Government.
A business with excess cash can, as an alternative to bank savings, decide to invest in a short or long term securities which guarantee a fixed return on quarterly, semi-annual or annual basis. One of such securities could be debt or equity. In this accounting treatment, we will share tips on how to record investment in debt securities – treasury bill and bond investment. While treasury bills is a short-term debt security issued (above or below the face value) by the government to raise finance for the capital project with maturity less than a year, bond investment is a long-term debt instrument with coupon rate and maturity up to 20-30 years.
These two debt securities are popular among corporate investors because they are regarded as risk-free investment backed by the credit of the government.
Return on T-Bill Vs Return on Bond Investment
In calculating the interest on investment in treasury bills, you compare the face value and purchase price. It is sometimes referred to as a “discount”. To recognise interest income consecutively over the life of a Treasury bills the interest method should be used. The interest method is used to amortize the discount or premium and recognize interest income. The interest rate used in calculating the return on this debt security is the prevailing rate of similar securities, other known as “effective interest rate”. This is different from the computation of interest earned on bond securities where you calculate the known coupon rate against the purchase price.
Accounting For Structured Settlements & Annuity Company – Learn The Journal Entries For Structured Settlement Annuities Purchaser From A Life Insurance Company
According to Wikipedia, “A structured settlement is a negotiated financial or insurance arrangement whereby a claimant agrees to resolve a personal injury tort claim by receiving some part of the settlement in the form of periodic payments on an agreed schedule, rather than as a lump sum.”
Let’s paint a scenario here: Mike was injured in an Auto accident which he filed a suit in court asking for compensation. After hearing, he was awarded $390,000 as compensation receivable from the other driver, the cash of $390k, when paid into his account, is tax-free; not subject to tax deductions. But if he decides to invest the money in a fixed deposit account, earnings on that principal is subject to tax.
Accounting Treatment Of Trading stock or Private Equity Fund In QuickBooks – Journal Entries For Share Purchased, Dividend, Disposal or Sales Of Shares, & Revaluation of Shares
Trading stock or investing in shares is an activity that involves buying a share of a company’s capital with the purpose of being a part owner of the business. The reward for share purchases or private equity investment could be price appreciation and/or dividend distribution.
While the former (share price appreciation ) happens when the company’s quoted price in the stock market increases as a result of demand outweighing supply, the latter is the proportion of the profit earned for the period which is payable on a quarterly or annual basis.
Accounting Treatment For Credit Card Transactions – This Tip Contains Guide On How To Use QuickBooks Journal Entries For Credit Card Sales, Merchant Fees, Payments And Expenses
Unlike a normal business transaction carried out face to face, a credit card transaction involves the use of a payment card number, and pin issued by a provider to make payment online. For instance, you can order a product from merchants’ store using MasterCard or Visa Card to make payment.
As a business owner, it is important for you to treat credit card transactions the way you record your banking transactions. But, you need to be sure that the card is not attached to a bank already tracked in a separate account for the transaction.
Here are accounting treatment of Credit Card transactions:
Accounting Treatment For Disposal Of Fixed Assets – Find Tips to Record Sale of Fixed Assets With Entries On Gain or Loss in Income Statement Using QuickBooks UK, US or Canada.
When an asset is disposed of, there are standard accounting entries you should follow, especially when you are using an accounting software. To explain this, I will be sharing a typical scenario of an asset disposal for a hypothetical company, let’s call it ABC Health Ltd.
An asset was bought on 1st, January 2017 for N100,000 with an estimated useful life of 10 years expected to be depreciated using straight-line method. At the end of 5th year, the asset was sold for N75,000 to another firm. What is the accounting treatment for disposal of fixed assets in QuickBooks?
Here are steps to treat this transaction in QuickBooks:
QuickBooks for Non-Profits – Learn how NGO’s Accounting Software works for an organisation in Nigeria with typical tips on how to track revenue, manage expenditures and ascertain surplus or deficit.
We understand that, as a non-profit making organization whose core objective is not to make profits but extend social benefits to your immediate environment, one major area you will definitely want to get right is financial management; a sub-part of your operation that focuses on accurate recording of inflows and outflows of cash in order to a good grasp on how your organization’s positions are, for effective decision making.
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Sometimes this QuickBooks Errors can be confusing if you are not used to this accounting software installations and implementation processes. Two days ago, I was at a clients site to setup QuickBooks Pro in a multi-user environment where each user are in different countries and are expected to access the central data file on the server. They are the most popular travel agency in Nigeria
If you understand the setup, you should know that in such environment, you don’t just go ahead without asking basic questions or else you will be stuck. So, here is what I did;
- I requested for the server capacity or if they have a cloud folder accessible to everyone anywhere, anytime.
- Then, I asked if each user will be working concurrently on a data file; this will help me advise them properly on how many licenses they need to work seamlessly.
- The last is to request for their financial statement as at an agreed conversion date.
After collecting and confirming that these requirements are intact, I quickly started the installation processes which took roughly 20 minutes to conclude – no hitch.
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